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Novel Gene PRDM16 Plays Critical Role In Craniofacial Development

Facial birth defects are conditions that are present in the baby at birth. These defects usually develop during the first trimester of pregnancy when organs are developing. Facial Cleft Birth Defects result from both gene mutations and environmental insults. Other causes include chromosomal abnormalities, exposure to infections in time of pregnancy, Rh incompatibility, folic acid Read more

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Summer Games Athletes Often Suffer Agony Of Skin Irritations

Being the mirror, the barometer of an individual’s health, skin is the clue to one’s healthy constitution. “Thrill of victory and the agony of defeat” is what the Olympics are all about but for many Summer Games athletes, there’s also the agony of skin irritations and conditions that can make the journey to the medal Read more

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Key To Happiness: Balanced Time Perspective

Are you really happy? It’s a pretty simple and straight-forward question, right? Yet for many of us, what follows next is an uncomfortably long pause before giving our answer. What does it really take to be happy in today’s world? As it turns out, happiness is all about balance. To be more specific, happiness is Read more

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Blindness Prevention By Transplantation Of Fetal Membrane

Blindness in patients with a devastating disease called Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) can be prevented by transplanting tissue from newborn fetal membranes. Unlike before, SJS/TEN are now believed to be variants of the same condition, distinct from erythema multiforme. SJS/TEN is a very rare, acute, serious, and potentially fatal skin reaction Read more

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Gut Microbiota Transplantation May Prevent Development Of Diabetes And Fatty Liver Disease

The human body, consisting of about 10 trillion cells, carries about ten times as many microorganisms in the intestines. Gut microbiota is an assortment of microorganisms inhabiting the length and width of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract. The composition of this microbial community is host specific, evolving throughout an individual’s lifetime and susceptible to both exogenous Read more

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Traumatic Brain Injury Hampers Patient’s Medical Decision Making Ability

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). TBI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, Read more

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PolyQ Diseases Protect Against Cancer

The chances of developing cancer are lower in patients suffering from Huntington’s disease and other polyQ or polyglutamine diseases. Polyglutamine (polyQ) disorders are inherited neurodegenerative diseases and are caused by polyQ expansion in the mutant proteins. The patient shows comparable retinal neurodegeneration, characterized by morphological and functional alterations of rod photoreceptors. Transcriptional deregulations are also Read more

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Whooping Cough Vaccine’s Effectiveness May Be Short Lived Among Children

Acellular vaccine for treating whooping cough in children might not be as long-lasting as had been previously thought. No matter that a lot of vaccines are available against this disease yet the disease appears to be quite prevalent. Pertussis or whooping cough is a highly contagious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing. The coughing Read more